1908 COLUMBUS PLAN
By the late 19th century, rapid industrial growth had created crowded industrial cities across the United States. Workers flocked to manufacturing centers as jobs in industry replaced jobs in farming. The City Beautiful movement of the early 20th century was a response to rapid industrialization and immigration in America's urban centers. The movement set out to create orderly cities that contained healthy open spaces and showcased public buildings that expressed the moral values of the city. The 1908 Columbus Plan is a strong example of City Beautiful era urban plans that were created throughout the country. The elements of the 1908 Columbus Plan include the 1) Introduction, 2) The General Survey, 3) Parks, Parkways and Recreation Grounds, and 4) The Civic Center. This full-color copy is a scanned version of an original, available in the Genealogy, History, and Travel section of the downtown branch of the Columbus Metropolitan Library.